A drastic drop in construction of new buildings would be required to allow some professionals to focus on renovation projects and meet all the needs. Additionally, the workforce currently engaged in new housing construction may not be located in regions with the most acute needs, particularly those with harsh climates where more intensive and prolonged heating is required, as well as in rural areas where oil heating is more common, such as in the Grand Est or Hauts-de-France regions.
Building blue collars, site supervisors, and architects will be involved in carrying out these tasks; their employment should be particularly active in all regions (except Corsica), including those that lag behind the national employment trends. If we add to these job creations the retirements of senior workers, 635,000 job vacancies will need to be filled by 2030 in the building industry (37% of the current workforce). However, the number of young newcomers is expected to be insufficient to meet these recruitment needs, especially among skilled building finishing and frame workers. Therefore, relying on immigrant labour, the unemployed, career switches, and career mobility will be more essential than ever.