In large part, these difficulties reflect the socio-economic situation of these young people,who are particularly vulnerable to the dysfunctions of our social and republican model: difficulties entering the labour market for young people, especially for those with few skills; academic success predicated on social origin, with a high number of dropouts; fragmentation and lack of fluidity in the housing market, hindering mobility; weak anti-discrimination policies. Improving their economic integration calls for, above all, a response based on ordinary-law policies.
However, a significant part of the deficiencies observed for young people not directly descended from immigrants cannot be explained by conventional sociodemographic variables: all things being equal, a descendant of two immigrant parents or a resident of a disadvantaged neighbourhoods is in a worse situation than other people in France, as a result of his immigration background or place of residence.
This observation argues for stronger and better-coordinated ordinary-law policies – concerning employment, education, housing and the fight against discrimination – especially at the local level, supplemented by specific policies to restore true equality for all citizens.
- Childhood Education
- Employment and Training
- Housing and Mobility
- Anti-Discrimination Actions